Implementation of the San Remo Manual as a Strategy for the Rule of War in the Indonesian Marine Territory


  • Rizki Pratama KAMARULAH Republic Indonesia Defense University, Indonesia
  • Lukman Yudho PRAKOSO Republic Indonesia Defense University, Indonesia



The San Remo Manual, Strategy, Marine Territory, War, Competence


In 1994, a regulation on sea warfare was made, which could be used by countries conducting sea wars. This regulation is called the San Remo Manual, with changes to make various adjustments related to the conduct of war at sea. Indonesia is in an important strategic area both in the sea and air zones, this makes Indonesia a strategic area both regionally and globally. The purpose of this research is to provide practical guidelines for countries in applying international law that applies in times of armed conflict at sea and to find out how the law is applied in Indonesia. This study uses a qualitative method. Qualitative research tries to identify various phenomena ideographically. The theory of development and development can be formed empirically through various phenomena or cases studied. the result of this is to become a guideline for countries in conducting wars at sea, armed conflicts at sea, parties involved in the conflict, actions that are permitted and which are not permitted during conflicts, protection of injured ships and people who are injured or captured, as well as actions taken can be taken by countries outside the conflict.


Ardi, A. A. Z. H., Siahaan, T., & Jandhana, I. P. (2022). KEBIJAKAN PUBLIK

PERTAHANAN NEGARA INDONESIA. Citizen: Jurnal Ilmiah Multidisiplin Indonesia, 2(1), 81-87.

Bakrie, C. R. (2007). Pertahanan negara dan postur TNI ideal. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Doswald-Beck, L. (1995). The San Remo manual on international law applicable to armed conflicts at sea. American Journal of International Law, 89(1), 192-208.

Kusumaatmadja, M., & Agoes, E. R. (2021). Pengantar hukum internasional. Penerbit


Putra, I. N., & Hakim, A. (2016). Analisa Peluang Dan Ancaman Keamanan Maritim Indonesia Sebagai Dampak Perkembangan Lingkungan Strategis. JOURNAL ASRO, 6, 1-22.

Prasetyo, K. A., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Strategi Pertahanan Laut Pemerintah Indonesia dalam Menjaga Keamanan Maritim. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(1).

Prakoso, L. Y. dkk. (2021). Kebijakan Pertahanan Laut. Jakarta: Pustaka Media Guru

Nainggolan, P. P. (2016). Kebijakan poros maritim dunia Joko Widodo dan implikasi internasionalnya. Jurnal Politica Dinamika Masalah Politik Dalam Negeri dan Hubungan Internasional, 6(2).

Narwati, E. (2008). Aturan perang di laut: San Remo Manual sebagai sumber hukum internasional. Mimbar Hukum-Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Narwati, E. (2010). Keberadaan San Remo Manual 1994 dalam Kaitannya dengan

UNCLOS 1982. Perspektif, 15(3), 299-320.

Somantri, G. R. (2005). Memahami metode kualitatif. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, 9(2), 57-65