Looking at the Local Participation of Coastal Communities in South Java, Indonesia


  • Waluyo HANDOKO University of Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia




coastal, community, empowerment, participation


This study aims to describe the issues and problems of community participation related to the empowerment program entitled PKPT (Development of Strong Coastal Area) in the coastal areas. This study also discusses the importance of creating a participatory development model. This study is essential because PKPT implementation is specific, combining the top-down participation mechanism from the central government with the bottom-up mechanism, namely the northern coastal communities in South Java. The combination of the two mechanisms illustrates the complexity of issues and problems that are not simple because they involve the interests of the central government and the interests of ordinary citizens in coastal areas. Moreover, the focus of this study has yet to be widely studied by previous studies. This study uses a qualitative method applying an action research approach. The informants of the research are organizers of the coastal community, heads of village and village officials, and personnel of the Marine and Fisheries Service of Kebumen Regency in South Java. The result shows that implementing the PKPT program in coastal areas of Java, especially in Kebumen, uses both top-down and bottom-up mechanisms resulting in low participation of the community in the implementation of PKPT substantively. Thus, implicating the lack of sustainability in the empowerment program. This study presents a participatory development model that is expected to be a reference in organizing a sustainable empowerment program for the coastal areas in the future.


Download data is not yet available.


Anggraini, Y. (2015). Implementasi Program Pengembangan Desa Pesisir Tangguh dalam Upaya Pembangunan Wilayah Pesisir (Implementation of Development of Strong Coastal Rural in Coastal Areas Development), Jurnal Administrasi 3 (11), 1862-1867 administrasipublik.studentjournal.ub.ac.id/index.php/jap/article/view.

Bockstael, E., Bahia N. C. F., Seixas, C. S., & Berkes, F. (2016). Participation in Protected Area Management Planning in Coastal Brazil. Environmental Science & Policy 60, (1-10) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2016.02.014.

Butt, Amna, Zaher Iram, Saleem, Javeria, Jabeen, Adma. (2018). Importance of Community Involvement in Coastal Area Management: A review of International and Pakistani scenario, International Journal of Biosciences (IJB) https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.3.239-247

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Third Edition. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Darwanto, H. (2004). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pedesaan Berbasiskan Masyarakat Terpencil (Empowerment of Rural Communities with Remote Communities. Bappenas Bulletin, 1-2 https://www.bappenas.go.id/id

Dewan, C., Buisson, M. C., & Mukherji, A. (2014). The Imposition of Participation? The Case of Participatory Water Management in Coastal Bangladesh. Water Alternatives 7(2), 342-366 www.water-alternatives.org

Harrison, L. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Politik (Political Research Methodology). Jakarta, Indonesia: Kencana Prenada Media.

Ife, J., & Tesoriero, F. (2006). Community Development: Community-Based Alternatives in an Age. Globalization. Pearson Education: Australia.

Lindstrom. K.N, & Larson, M. (2016). Community-Based Tourism in Practice: Evidence from Three Coastal Communities in Bohuslän, Sweden. Bulletin of Geography Socioeconomic Series 33, 71–78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bog-2016-0025

MANAN, M. A., KUPEFAKSI, M., & HASNAWATI, S. (2022). THE EFFECT OF MARKET TIMING ON CAPITAL STRUCTURE IN NON- FINANCIAL COMPANIES THAT DO IPO (INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING) ON THE INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE FOR THE 2010-2017 PERIOD. International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, 3(1), 33–41. https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v3i1.153

Matbor, G. M. (2008). Effective Community Participation in Coastal Development, Chicago, United States: Lyceum Books.

Mishra, K. (2022). Viability of Community Participation in Coastal Conservation: A Critical Analysis. Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Ser: Earth Environ. Sci. 1095 012009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1095/1/012009

Neliyanti & Heriyanto, M. (2013). Evaluasi Program Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Pesisir (Evaluation of Community Economic Empowerment Programs). Jurnal Kebijakan Publik, 4 (1), 1-6. https://ejournal.unri.ac.id/index.php/JKP/article/view/1322

Osei-Kufuor, P. (2014). Reducing Poverty Through Community Participation: The Case of National Poverty Reduction Program in the Dangme-West Regency of Ghana. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 3(8), 1611-1628 https://isdsnet.com/ijds-v3n8-1.pdf

Pedoman Teknis Pengembangan Kawasan Pesisir Tangguh (Technical Guidelines for the Development of Strong Coastal Areas). (2015). Jakarta, Indonesia: Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Profil Kawasan Pesisir Kebumen (Profile of Kebumen Coastal Areas). (2015). Kebumen, Indonesia: Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Punch, K. (2000). Developing effective research proposals. Sage.

Rencana Pengembangan Kawasan Pesisir (Coastal Development Plan) (2015). Kebumen, Indonesia: Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Rachmanzah, D. (2014). Kajian Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pesisir Berbasis Pengelolaan Berkelanjutan pada Budidaya Bandeng di Pesisir Karawang (Study of Coastal Communitie Empowerment Based on Sustainable Management of Milkfish Cultivation in Karawang Coastal). Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan 9(1) http://ejournal-balitbang.kkp.go.id/index.php/sosek/article/view/31 https://doi.org/10.15578/jsekp.v9i1.31

Roy, A. K. & Sharma, S., (2015). Perceptions and Adaptations of the Coastal Community to the Challenges of Climate Change: A Case of Jamnagar City Region, Gujarat, India, First Published August 4 https://doi.org/10.1177/0975425315585182

Sarinas, B.G.S., & Paragon, T.A. (2015). Stakeholders’ Awareness and Participation in Coastal Resource Management (CRM) in Villa Beach, Iloilo City, Philippines. Iamure International Journal of Ecology and Conservation 15(1) http://ejournal.ph/article.php?id=934. https://doi.org/10.1177/0975425315585182

Shaffril, M.H.A., D'Silva, J.L., Kamaruddin, N., Omar, S.Z., & Bolong, J., (2015). The Coastal Community Awareness Towards the Climate Change in Malaysia. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 7(4), 516-533 https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-07-2014-0089.

Sambhi, N. (2015). Jokowi’s Global Maritime Axis’: Smooth Sailing or Rocky Seas Ahead? Security Challenges. JSTOR Vol. 11. No.2 2015. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26465437.

Silbergh, D. (2001). Doing Dissertations in Politics: A student guide. Routledge.

Warren, C. (2016). Leadership, Social Capital, and Coastal Community Resource Governance: The Case of the Destructive Seaweed Harvest in West Bali. Hum Ecol Interdiscip 43, 329-339. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27445429. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-016-9832-y

Warouw, F.F., Langitan, F.W., & Alamsyah, A.T. (2018). Community Participation for Sustainable Tourism Model in Manado Coastal Area, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 306 012039, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/306/1/012039