Integration of Environmental Ethics Education in the Classroom: A of Related Literature
Keywords:Environmental awareness, environmental education, environmental ethics education, teaching and learning, integration
Due to the catastrophic impact of global warming and various environmental challenges, ecological issues are a topic of discussion in every country in the globe. Researchers believed that solutions to environmental problems lie in the integration of environmental ethics education in schools to create awareness of moral values and attitudes of humans toward the environment. However, there seem to be inadequate efforts to integrate environmental ethics education into the school curriculum. This study, therefore, argues for the examined literature to find out how school teachers integrate environmental ethics education in lessons. The study adopted the qualitative systematic literature review method, and twenty-six peer-review articles were selected from the EBSCO, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. The twenty-six selected peer-review articles were analyzed to determine the level of integration of environmental ethics education in South African classrooms. The study revealed that the internalization of environmental ethics education as a moral foundation may make humans aware of their interaction with the environment. According to literature, awareness of improved environmental ethics education assist human to behave and act ethically towards nature thereby contributing to the reduction in environmental damage and improving environmental conservation and management. The study, therefore, suggests the organization of environmental ethical awareness in-service training programs by the Department of Basic Education for teachers which will expose them and their learners to environmental ethics, disciplined behavior, and positive attitude towards their environment.
Aksu, Z., & Kul, Ü. (2016). Exploring Mathematics Teachers' Pedagogical Content
Knowledge in the Context of Knowledge of Students. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(30), 35-42. ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online)
Alabas, R. (2019). Environmental Topics and Environmental Ethics in Primary School
Humanities and Social Sciences Education during the Late Ottoman Period (1913-1918). International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, 9(2), 120-141. ISSN: 2146-0329
Attfield, R. (2014). Environmental ethics: An overview for the twenty-first century.
Bada, S. O., & Olusegun, S. (2015). Constructivism learning theory: A paradigm for
teaching and learning. Journal of Research & Method in Education, 5(6), 66-70.
Bednar, A. K., Cunningham, D., Duffy, T. M., Perry, J. D., & Jonassen, D. H. (1992).
Constructivism and the technology of instruction: A conversation. Duffy, TM & Jonassen, DH HillsDale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bonnett, M. (2019). Environmental education and the issue of nature. In Curriculum and
Environmental Education (pp. 71-85). Routledge.
Bringuier, J. C., & Piaget, J. (1980). Conversations with jean piaget. University of Chicago
Ceyhan, B., & Sahin, N. (2018). Teachers’ sensitivity toward technology and
environmental ethics. Education Sciences, 8(3), 121. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8030121
Cooper, D. E. (2017). Arne Naess 1912–2009. In Key Thinkers on The Environment (pp.
-232). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315543659-41
Crumley-Effinger, M., & Torres-Olave, B. (2021). Kicking the habit: Rethinking academic
hypermobility in the Anthropocene. Journal of International Students, 11(S1), 86-107. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v11is1.3845
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research designs: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods
approaches. Callifornia: Sage.
Filho, W. L., Shiel, C., & Paço, A. D. (2015). Integrative approaches to environmental
sustainability at universities: an overview of challenges and priorities. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 12(1), 1-14.
Gola, B. (2017). Is formal environmental education friendly to nature? Environmental
ethics in science textbooks for primary school pupils in Poland. Ethics and Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/17449642.2017.1343619
Gough, A. (2013). The emergence of environmental education research. International
handbook of research on environmental education, 13, 452-468.
Heruyono, A., Herdiansyah, H., & Putri, L. G. S. (2021). Environmental ethics perspective
in fostering environmental awareness in the Bandung eco-camp community. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 802, No. 1, p. 012050). IOP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/802/1/012050
Heyeres, M., Tsey, K., Yang, Y., Yan, L., & Jiang, H. (2019). The characteristics and
reporting quality of research impact case studies: A systematic review. Evaluation and program planning, 73, 10-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2018.11.002
IPCC. 2007. Summary for policymakers. In Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation
and vulnerability. contribution of working group ii to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, ed. M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden, and C.E. Hanson, 7–22. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Junges, J. R. 2016. “What is the Future of Ethics Teaching in the Environmental
Sciences?” International Journal of Ethics Education 1: 127–135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40889-016-0010-2
Kaya, H. O., & Seleti, Y. N. (2014). African Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Climate
Change Adaption and Mitigation: An African Young Scientists Initiative. H. O. Kaya, & Y. N. Seleti (Eds.). Wandsbek: People's Publishers.
Kelbessa, W. (2015). African environmental ethics, indigenous knowledge, and
environmental challenges. Environmental Ethics, 37(4).
Kronlid, D. O., & Öhman, J. (2013). An environmental ethical conceptual framework for
research on sustainability and environmental education. Environmental Education Research, 19(1), 21-44., https://doi.org/10.7813/2075-4124.2013/5-5/b.23
Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five
approaches. Health promotion practice, 16(4), 473-475. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839915580941
Li, Y. (2018). Study of the effect of environmental education on environmental awareness and environmental attitude based on environmental protection law of the People’s
Republic of China. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(6), 2277-2285. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/86214
Liu, Q., Cheng, Z., & Chen, M. (2019). Effects of environmental education on
environmental ethics and literacy based on virtual reality technology. The Electronic Library, 37(5), 860-877. https://doi.org/10.1108/el-12-2018-0250
Mavuso, M. P., Olawumi, K. B., Khalo, X., Kafu-Quvane, B., & Mzilikazi, B. (2022).
Implementation of Teacher Capacitation Programs to Integrate Climate Change Education: The Case Study of Geography Teaching in South African Secondary Schools. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 21(11), 73-86.
Mavuso, M. P., Khalo, X., Kafu-Quvane, B. P., & Olawumi, K. B. (2022) CLIMATE
CHANGE EDUCATION AS A MEANS TO PROTECT THE PLANET: A REVIEW OF THE RELEVANT LITERATURE. Special Issue: Vol. 19. No.3 179-191. ISSN: 1823-884x
Maxwell, J. A. (2022). Qualitative research design: An interactive approach. Sage
Monroe, M. C., Plate, R. R., Oxarart, A., Bowers, A., & Chaves, W. A. (2019). Identifying
effective climate change education strategies: A systematic review of the research. Environmental Education Research, 25(6), 791-812. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2017.1360842
Moorthy, R., & Akwen, G. T. (2020). Environmental ethics through value-based
education. Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics, 11(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3329/bioethics.v11i2.49257
Oladipupo, S., Rjoub, H., K?r?kkaleli, D., & Adebayo, T. (2021). Impact of Globalization
and Renewable Energy Consumption on Environmental Degradation: A Lesson for South Africa. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.2022.40452
Opoku, M. J., & James, A. (2020). Challenges of Teaching Akans (Ghana) Culturally-
Specific Environmental Ethics in Senior High Schools: Voices of Akans and Biology Teachers. Southern African Journal of Environmental Education, 36.
Otto, S., & Pensini, P. (2017). Nature-based environmental education of children:
Environmental knowledge and connectedness to nature, together, are related to ecological behavior. Global Environmental Change, 47, 88-94.
Paakkari, L. and George, S. (2018), “Ethical underpinnings for the development of health
literacy in schools: ethical premises (‘why’), orientations (‘what’) and tone (‘how’)”, BMC Public Health, Vol. 18 No. 1, p. 326. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5224-0
Prakash, S., & Verma, A. K. (2022). Anthropogenic Activities and Biodiversity
threats. International Journal of Biological Innovations, IJBI, 4(1), 94-103. https://doi.org/10.46505/ijbi.2022.4110
Preston, L. (2011). Green pedagogy–guidance and doubt in teaching Outdoor and
Environmental Education. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 39(4), 367-380. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359866x.2011.614686
Schudel, I. (2014). Exploring a Knowledge-focused Trajectory for Researching
Environmental Learning in the South African Curriculum. The Southern African Journal of Environmental Education.
Shahbazi, A., & Nasab, B. R. (2016). Carbon capture and storage (CCS) and its impacts
on climate change and global warming. J. Pet. Environ. Biotechnol, 7(9).
Shulman, L.S. (1986). Those who understand: knowledge growth in teaching. Educational
Shulman, L.S. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: foundations of the new reform. Harvard
Educational Review, 57(1), 1-22.
Surmeli, H., and M. Saka. 2013. “Preservice Teachers’ Anthropocentric, Biocentric, and
Ecocentric Environmental Ethics Approaches.” International Journal of Academic Research. Part B 5 (5): 159–163. https://doi.org/10.7813/2075-4124.2013/5-5/b.23
Sovacool, B. K., Griffiths, S., Kim, J., & Bazilian, M. (2021). Climate change and industrial
F-gases: A critical and systematic review of developments, sociotechnical systems and policy options for reducing synthetic greenhouse gas emissions. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 141, 110759.
Thenga, M., Goldschagg, P., Ferguson, R. & Mandikonza, C. (2020). Teacher professional development and Geography teachers’ pedagogical practices for climate change education. South African Journal of Environmental Education, 36, 34-47. https://doi.org/10.4314/sajee.v36i1.17
Tozdan, N., & Keles, Ö. (2022). Investigation of 7th and 8th Grade Middle School
Students' Environmental Ethics Attitude Levels in Relation to Different Variables. Science Insights Education Frontiers, 13(1), 1763-1775. https://doi.org/10.15354/sief.22.or064
UNESCO. (1972). The Stockholm Declaration, Sweden.
Von Glasersfeld, E. (2013). Radical constructivism (Vol. 6). Routledge.
Washington, H., & Maloney, M. (2020). The need for ecological ethics in a new ecological
economics. Ecological Economics, 169, 106478.
Zagonari, F. (2020). Comparing religious environmental ethics to support efforts to
achieve local and global sustainability: Empirical insights based on a theoretical framework. Sustainability, 12(7), 2590.
Copyright (c) 2023 Kayode OLAWUMI, Mzuyanda Percival MAVUSO
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.