The Global Climate and Environmental Protest: Student Environmental Activism a Transformative Defiance
Keywords:Social movement, Students Protest, Youth climate demonstration, environmental crisis, Climate Change activism
Global climate and environmental protests are a widespread movement that aims to draw attention to the urgent need for action on climate change and environmental issues. The movement has gained momentum in recent years, as people around the world have become increasingly aware of the devastating effects of climate change, such as rising sea levels, more frequent and severe natural disasters, and loss of biodiversity. This paper is theoretically grounded on social movement theory which navigated through several climate protests witnessed in recent times, particularly in sub-Sahara Africa. More than 7 million young people gather in cities throughout the globe in protest of the lack of action by world leaders to stop the severe effects of climate change and its accelerating rate. To put pressure on world leaders to act, Greta Thunberg, a Swedish climate activist, and others call on students to leave their classes on Fridays to protest the unending climate crises. These campaigns have led to growing environmental activism as more young people are becoming aware of the devastating impact of climate change on their daily lives. It was discovered that; Students have been actively involved in several climate protests defying the institution’s authorities to protest for a change in the global conversation amid a series of rhetoric and indecision from world leaders. The paper has unearthed that, climate activism has yielded positive outcome which has brought transformation into global discourse in pursuit of strategic measures to address climate and environmental crises.
Al-Monitor (October 1, 2019). Young Moroccan activists rally for climate action. https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2019/10/morocco-rally-climate-change.html
ALIJOYO, A., & VORST, C. R. (2022). Measuring And Improving The Effectiveness Of ISO 31000 Based Erm In State-Controlled PSO - A Case Study Of Toll Road Operators In Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental, Sustainability, and Social Science, 3(1), 65–71. https://doi.org/10.38142/ijesss.v3i1.159
Anderson, R. B. (2020). ‘To Save a Soul’: Catholic Mission Schools, Apartheid, and the 1953 Bantu Education Act. Journal of Religious History, 44(2), 149-167.
AROCHA (October 2, 2019).‘No Planet B’: Ghanaians Hit Streets In Global Climate Strike. https://ghana.arocha.org/news/no-planet-b-ghanaians-hit-streets-in-global-climate-strike/
Bach, S. (2022). " Our House is on Fire": Exploring the Rhetorical Significance of Youth Climate Activists, An Emerging Discourse Community. Young Scholars in Writing, 19, 40-54.
Baker, L. R., Phelan, S., Woods, N. N., Boyd, V. A., Rowland, P., & Ng, S. L. (2021). Re-envisioning paradigms of education: towards awareness, alignment, and pluralism. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 26(3), 1045-1058.
Bennett, W. L. (2003). New media power: The Internet and global activism. Contesting media power: Alternative media in a networked world, 17, 37.
Bessant, J., & Lohmeyer, B. (2021). Politics of recognition when students protest. When Students Protest: Secondary and High Schools, 1.
Brown, J. (2016). The Road to Soweto: Resistance and the Uprising of 16 June 1976. Boydell & Brewer.
Cheng, C. Y. (2019). Behind the Tiananmen massacre: China's social, political, and e. Routledge.
Chung, R. W. M., & Fu, K. W. (2022). Tweets and Memories: Chinese Censors Come after Me. Forbidden Voices of the 1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre on Sina Weibo, 2012-2018. Journal of Contemporary China, 31(134), 319-334.
Clémençon, R. (2016). The two sides of the Paris climate agreement: Dismal failure or historic breakthrough?. The Journal of Environment & Development, 25(1), 3-24
Cram, F., & Mertens, D. M. (2016). Negotiating solidarity between indigenous and transformative paradigms in evaluation. Evaluation Matters—He Take T? Te Aromatawai, 2, 161-189.
Development and Enterprise, 21(1), 1-65.
Damoah, B., & Omodan, B. I. (2022). Determinants of effective environmental education policy in South African schools. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 3, 100206.
EARTHJUSTICE (April 7, 2022). Tunisia’s Youth are Demanding Climate Action. https://earthjustice.org/blog/2022-april/tunisias-youth-are-demanding-climate-action
Feldman, H. R. (2020). A rhetorical perspective on youth environmental activism. Journal of Science Communication, 19(6), C07.
Gannon, J. M. (2021). Applying the Lens of Social Movements to Coaching and Mentoring. Philosophy of Coaching: An International Journal, 6(1), 5-29.
Gillis, J. R. (2013). Youth and history: Tradition and Change in European age relations, 1770–present. Elsevier.
Global Citizens ( February 8, 2019). Student-Led Climate Protests Sweeping the Globe Are Coming to the US https://www.globalcitizen.org/de/content/student-climate-marches-to-us/?gclid=CjwKCAiA-dCcBhBQEiwAeWidtWm1B0nbT3dMR8dn66lS5RWwubSdzy-swe1vQ4pfdsMQhsA6fMdgmhoCUIkQAvD_BwE
Godsell, G., Chikane, R., & Mpofu-Walsh, S. (2016). Fees must fall: Student revolt, decolonization and governance in South Africa. NYU Press.
GroundUp (24 September 2022). Hundreds march to Parliament, calling for action against climate change.https://www.groundup.org.za/article/youth-demand-climate-change/
Han, H., & Ahn, S. W. (2020). Youth mobilization to stop global climate change: Narratives and impact. Sustainability, 12(10), 4127.
Horn, G. R. (2007). The Spirit of'68: Rebellion in Western Europe and North America, 1956-1976. Oxford University Press.
Jian, C., Klimke, M., Kirasirova, M., Nolan, M., Young, M., & Waley-Cohen, J. (2018). The Routledge Handbook of the global sixties. Abingdon: Routledge.
Johnston, G. (2016). Champions for social change: Photovoice ethics in practice and ‘false hopes’ for policy and social change. Global Public Health, 11(5-6), 799-811.
Kasaghana (2023). Global Climate Strike And Growing Momentum Of Climate Activism In Ghana.https://www.kasaghana.org/global-climate-strike-and-growing-momentum-of-climate-activism-in-ghana
Killian, L. M. , Smelser, . Neil J. and Turner, Ralph H. (2022, November 11). social movement. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/social-movement
Krainz, T. (2013). Becoming Educated: The Fight for Free and Appropriate Education by Parents of Children with Mental Retardation during the Post–World War II Decades. Disability studies quarterly, 33(3).
Markoff, J. (2017). Historical Analysis and Social Movements Research. In D. Della Porta & M. Diani (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Movement (pp. 68-85). Oxford: OUP.
MUDA, Y. D., TODA, H., ANDAYANA, M. N. D., & LAKE, P. (2023). The Role of the COVID-19 Handling Task Force (Covid-19 Task Force) in Ngada District. Journal of Tourism Economics and Policy, 3(1), 62–69. https://doi.org/10.38142/jtep.v3i1.558
Ndimande, B. S. (2013). From Bantu education to the fight for socially just education. Equity & Excellence in Education, 46(1), 20-35.
Pepermans, Y., & Maeseele, P. (2017). Climate change communication in Belgium. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science.
Reddy, T. (2004). Higher education and social transformation: South Africa case study.
Spaull, N. (2013). South Africa’s education crisis: The quality of education in South Africa 1994-2011. Johannesburg: Centre for
Uygur, H. (2022). Iran in the Wake of Mahsa Amini’s Death. Insight Turkey, 24(4), 11-22.
van der Westhuizen, T., & Nhleko, Y. (2021). Dichotomy and Violent Student Protests: Perceptions From Students. In Transdisciplinary Perspectives on Risk Management and Cyber Intelligence (pp. 195-213). IGI Global.
Vanguard (September 26, 2022). Kenyans protest against climate change, and demand compensation from industrialised countries. https://www.vanguardngr.com/2022/09/kenyans-protest-against-climate-change-demand-compensation-from-industrialised-countries/
Vavilov, E. M. (2019). Lessons about activism from a Swedish high school student: A rhetorical analysis of Greta Thunberg’s public speeches on climate change.
VOA (October 10, 2019). Nigerian Students Join Global Fight for Climate Action.https://www.voanews.com/a/africa_nigerian-students-join-global-fight-climate-action/6177411.html
VOA(September20,2019).KenyansJoinClimateChangeProtests. https://www.voanews.com/a/africa_kenyans-join-climate-change-protests/6176168.htmlThe Guardian (March 11, 2019). Greta Thunberg schoolgirl climate change warrior: ‘Some people can let things go. I can’t. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/11/greta-thunberg-schoolgirl-climate-change-warrior-some-people-can-let-things-go-i-cant
Wasserstrom, J. N. (2005). Chinese students and anti-Japanese protests, past and present. World Policy Journal, 22(2), 59-65.
Williams, B. C., Squire, D. D., & Tuitt, F. A. (Eds.). (2021). Plantation politics and campus rebellions: Power, diversity, and the emancipatory struggle in higher education. SUNY Press.
Copyright (c) 2023 Benjamin DAMOAH, Sagini KEENGWE, Samuel OWUSU, Clement YEBOAH, Francis KEKESSIE
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.